What is it?
Tyrosine is an amino acid, one of the building blocks of protein. We get tyrosine in our body by eating protein-rich foods like meat, fish, eggs, dairy products and beans.
How does it work?
Tyrosine is used by the body to make the neurotransmitter (chemical messenger) noradrenaline. Noradrenaline is believed to be in short supply in the brains of people who are depressed.
Is it effective?
There is only one good scientific study on tyrosine as a treatment for depression. Participants in this study were 65 adults with major depression. They were treated with either tyrosine supplements, an antidepressant medication (imipramine) or a placebo (dummy pill). Tyrosine was no more effective than the placebo at reducing depression.
Are there any disadvantages?
There are no known disadvantages.
Where do you get it?
Tyrosine is available as a dietary supplement from health food shops.
On the limited evidence available, tyrosine is not an effective treatment for depression.
- Gelenberg AJ, Wojcik JD, Falk WE, et al. Tyrosine for depression: a double-blind trial. Journal of Affective Disorders 1990; 19: 125-132.
Last reviewed and updated: 1 December 2016